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Running PhotoPrism on a Raspberry Pi

Our stable version and development preview have been built into a single multi-arch Docker image for 64-bit AMD, Intel, and ARM processors.

That means, Raspberry Pi 3 / 4, Apple Silicon, and other ARM64-based devices can pull from the same repository, enjoy the exact same functionality, and can follow the regular Installation Instructions after going through a short list of System Requirements.

Note that Raspberry Pi OS (Raspbian) is a 32-bit user-space Linux with a 64-bit kernel to remain compatible with older Raspberry software. This requires special configuration to run modern 64-bit applications and Docker images, see Architecture Specific Notes.

System Requirements

  • Your device should have at least 3 GB of physical memory and a 64-bit operating system
  • While PhotoPrism has been reported to work on devices with less memory, we take no responsibility for instability or performance problems
  • RAW image conversion and TensorFlow are disabled on systems with 1 GB or less memory
  • Indexing large photo and video collections significantly benefits from local SSD storage and plenty of memory for caching, especially the conversion of RAW images and the transcoding of videos are very demanding
  • If less than 4 GB of swap space is configured or a manual memory/swap limit is set, this can cause unexpected restarts, for example, when the indexer temporarily needs more memory to process large files
  • High-resolution panoramic images may require additional swap space and/or physical memory above the recommended minimum
  • We recommend disabling kernel security in your docker-compose.yml, especially if you do not have experience with the configuration:
    photoprism:
      security_opt:
        - seccomp:unconfined
        - apparmor:unconfined
    
  • If you install PhotoPrism on a public server outside your home network, always run it behind a secure HTTPS reverse proxy such as Traefik or Caddy

Architecture Specific Notes

Modern ARM64-based Devices

Image Name
Stable Release photoprism/photoprism:latest
Development Preview photoprism/photoprism:preview
MariaDB arm64v8/mariadb:10.6

Raspberry Pi OS (Raspbian) requires special configuration to run modern 64-bit applications and Docker images. If you do not have legacy software, we recommend choosing a standard 64-bit Linux distribution as this requires less experience:

Other distributions that target the same use case as Raspbian, such as CoreELEC, may have the same problems and should also not be used to run modern server applications.

Raspberry Pi OS

To ensure compatibility with 64-bit Docker images, your Raspberry Pi 3 / 4 must boot with the arm_64bit=1 flag in its config.txt file. An "exec format" error will occur otherwise.

Try explicitly pulling the ARM64 version if you've booted your device with the arm_64bit=1 flag and you see the "no matching manifest" error on Raspberry Pi OS (Raspbian):

docker pull --platform=arm64 photoprism/photoprism:latest

It may also help to set the DOCKER_DEFAULT_PLATFORM environment variable to linux/arm64.

In case you see Docker errors related to "cgroups", try adding the following parameters to /boot/firmware/cmdline.txt or /boot/cmdline.txt (file location depends on the OS in use):

cgroup_enable=cpuset cgroup_enable=memory cgroup_memory=1

Older ARMv7-based Devices

You may use the following 32-bit Docker images to run PhotoPrism and MariaDB on ARMv7-based devices (always use our ARM64 image if possible):

Image Name
Stable Release photoprism/photoprism:armv7
Development Preview photoprism/photoprism:preview-armv7
MariaDB linuxserver/mariadb:latest

If your device meets the requirements, mostly the same installation instructions as for regular Linux servers apply. Please pay close attention to changed directory and environment variable names.

Darktable is not included in the ARMv7 image because it is not 32-bit compatible. Always choose the regular 64-bit version if your device supports it.

Is a Raspberry Pi fast enough?

This largely depends on your expectations and the number of files you have. Most users report that PhotoPrism runs smoothly on their Raspberry Pi 4. However, initial indexing typically takes much longer than on standard desktop computers.

Also keep in mind that the hardware has limited video transcoding capabilities, so the conversion of video file formats is not well-supported and software transcoding is generally slow.

Getting Updates

Open a terminal and change to the folder where the docker-compose.yml file is located.1 Now run the following commands to download the most recent image from Docker Hub and restart your instance in the background:

docker-compose pull
docker-compose stop
docker-compose up -d

Pulling a new version can take several minutes, depending on your internet connection speed.

Advanced users can add this to a Makefile so that they only have to type a single command like make update. See Command-Line Interface to learn more about terminal commands.

Running an image with :latest tag does not cause Docker to automatically download new images. We recommend that you compare your docker-compose.yml with our examples at dl.photoprism.app/docker from time to time in case there are new configuration options or other improvements.

Troubleshooting

If your device runs out of memory, the index is frequently locked, or other system resources are running low:

Other issues? Our troubleshooting checklists help you quickly diagnose and solve them.

You are welcome to ask for help in our community chat. Sponsors receive direct technical support via email. Before submitting a support request, try to determine the cause of your problem.

Credits

A big thank you to Guy Sheffer for helping us build a Raspberry Pi version!


  1. The default Docker Compose config filename is docker-compose.yml. For simplicity, it doesn't need to be specified when running the docker-compose command in the same directory. Config files for other apps or instances should be placed in separate folders. 

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